Washington County vs. Ohio
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Total Employment Growth and Change, 1969-2017
Introduction
Washington County:
2017 Jobs = 34,887
2017 Percent of State = 0.5%
Ohio:
2017 Jobs = 6,995,045
2017 Percent of State = 3.6%
Employment numbers remain the most popular and frequently cited statistics used for tracking local area economic conditions and trends. The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) employment estimates reported measure the number of full- and part-time wage and salary employees, plus the number of proprietors of unincorporated businesses. People holding more than one job are counted in the employment estimates for each job they hold. This means BEA employment estimates represent a job count, not a people count. Also, BEA employment is by place-of-work, rather than by place-of-residence. Jobs held by neighboring county residents who commute to Washington County to work are included in the employment count for Washington County.
Data Definition:
The BEA employment series for states and local areas comprises estimates of the number of jobs, full-time plus part-time, by place of work. Full-time and part-time jobs are counted at equal weight. Employees, sole proprietors, and active partners are included, but unpaid family workers and volunteers are not included. Proprietors employment consists of the number of sole proprietorships and the number of partners in partnerships. The description "by place of work" applies to the wage and salary portion of the series and, with relatively little error, to the entire series. The proprietors employment portion of the series, however, is more nearly by place of residence because, for nonfarm sole proprietorships, the estimates are based on IRS tax data that reflect the address from which the proprietor's individual tax return is filed, which is usually the proprietor's residence. The nonfarm partnership portion of the proprietors employment series reflects the tax-filing address of the partnership, which may be either the residence of one of the partners or the business address of the partnership. The employment estimates are designed to be consistent with the estimates of wage and salary disbursements and proprietors' income that are part of the personal income series. The employment estimates are based on the same sets of source data as the corresponding earnings estimates and are prepared with parallel methodologies. Two forms of proprietors' income-the income of limited partnerships and the income of tax-exempt cooperatives-have no corresponding employment estimates.
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Figure 1.
Figure 1 tracks Washington County's annual total employment for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate total employment patterns over time. During this 49-year period, Washington County's total employment rose from 23,410 in 1969 to 34,887 in 2017, for a net gain of 11,477, or 49.0%.
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Figure 2.
Figure 2 traces Ohio's annual total employment for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate total employment patterns over time. During this 49-year period, Ohio's total employment rose from 4,695,425 in 1969 to 6,995,045 in 2017, for a net gain of 2,299,620, or 49.0%.
Total Employment Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Total Employment Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Figure 3.
Figure 3 shows Washington County's total employment growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Ohio, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's total employment in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the total employments in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in total employment growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Washington County's overall total employment growth was 49.0% over 1969-2017 outpaced Ohio's increase of 49.0%, and fell below the United States' increase of 115.4%.
Total Employment as a Percent of the Ohio Total: 1969-2017
Total Employment as a Percent of the Ohio Total: 1969-2017
Figure 4.
Another interesting and insightful way of comparing the total employment growth of Washington County is to compare its individual percentage contributions to Ohio's statewide total employment over time, as shown in Figure 4. A rising share means a region's total employment grew faster, or declined less, than Ohio's total employment, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1969, Washington County's total employment comprised 0.50% of Ohio's total employment, while in 2017 it totaled 0.50% thereby yielding a +0.00% share-shift.
   
 
Total Employment Share-Shift
2017 vs. 1969
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2017
vs.
1969
0.00%
=
0.50%
-
0.50%
 
   
Washington County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Washington County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Figure 5.
Figure 5 highlights the short-run pattern of Washington County's total employment growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2017. The average annual percent change for the entire 48-year period is also illustrated on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Washington County's total employment grew at an annual rate of 0.85% over 1970-2017. The county recorded its highest growth in 1979 (6.73%) and recorded its lowest growth in 2009 (-4.89%). In 2017, Washington County's total employment grew by 0.64%
Washington County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Washington County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Figure 6.
Over the past four decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again traces the annual percent change in Washington County's total employment since 1970, but this time they are overlayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2017.
During the 1970s, Washington County's annual total employment growth rate averaged 1.42%. It averaged 0.86% during the 1980s, 1.07% in the 1990s, 0.05% throughout the 2000s, and 0.86% thus far this decade (2010 to 2017).
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Washington County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Ohio and the nation. As the chart reveals, Washington County's average annual total employment growth outperformed Ohio's average during the 1970s (1.42% vs. 1.22%), fell below Ohio's average during the 1980s (0.86% vs. 0.95%), posted below Ohio's average during the 1990s (1.07% vs. 1.42%), exceeded Ohio's average in the 2000s (0.05% vs. -0.33%), and trailed Ohio's average over the 8 year period of the last decade, 2010-2017 (0.86% vs. 1.01%).
Finally, relative to nationwide total employment growth trends, Washington County trailed the nation throughout the 1970s (1.42% vs. 2.21%), recorded underneath the nation during the 1980s (0.86% vs. 1.88%), fell below the nation throughout the 1990s (1.07% vs. 1.73%), recorded underneath the nation during the 2000s (0.05% vs. 0.74%), and fell under the nation over 2010-2017 (0.86% vs. 1.54%).
   
 
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.85
1.42
0.86
1.07
0.05
0.86
0.64
 
0.85
1.22
0.95
1.42
-0.33
1.01
0.95
 
1.62
2.21
1.88
1.73
0.74
1.54
1.43
 
   
Job Ratios (Employment/Population): 1969-2017
Job Ratios (Employment/Population): 1969-2017
Figure 8.
The job ratios shown in Figure 8 for Washington County, Ohio and the nation not only portray a number of important trends, they also serves as a thumbnail guide to evaluating an economy's capacity to generate enough jobs fast enough to absorb the increasing number of workers attendant to a growing population. The job ratio is the number of full-time and part-time jobs by place of work, divided by population.
Nationally, the job ratio rose from 0.45 to 0.60 between 1969 and 2017. Washington County's job ratio registered 0.41 in 1969, and 0.58 in 2017. Underlying the rising job ratio over the past several decades have been the increases in the labor force participation rates, with the number and proportion of women in the labor market playing a leading role.
An assortment of other factors can contribute to regional differences in the job ratio. They include differences in the proportion of elderly and retirees who no longer work and participate in the labor force, differences in the number and proportion of part-time vs. full-time workers, differences in industry composition, and differences in age and sex distribution and degree of urbanization. Also, a disproportionate number of workers commuting to work outside a county tends to lower its local county job ratio, while a net inflow of workers commuting to work inside the county tends to augment its local county job ratio.
Avoid interpreting the job ratio as the fraction (or percent) of the local population employed. This interpretation should only apply to the "employment-population ratio" statistic compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from the Current Population Survey (CPS).
Job Ratios (Employment/Population)
as a Percent of the U.S. Average:
1969-2017
Job Ratios (Employment/Population)
as a Percent of the U.S. Average:
1969-2017
Figure 9.
To highlight trends in a local job ratio relative to nationwide trends, Figure 9 tracks Washington County's, Ohio's job ratio as a percent of the national job ratio over 1969-2017.

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Washington County:
Total Employment, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
23,410
100.0
N
0.50
0.41
91.51
1970
 
23,736
101.4
1.39
0.51
0.41
92.52
1971
 
23,142
98.9
-2.50
0.50
0.40
89.98
1972
 
22,738
97.1
-1.75
0.48
0.39
86.00
1973
 
23,071
98.6
1.46
0.47
0.39
83.56
1974
 
23,817
101.7
3.23
0.48
0.40
84.86
1975
 
23,267
99.4
-2.31
0.48
0.38
82.93
1976
 
23,847
101.9
2.49
0.49
0.39
83.88
1977
 
24,485
104.6
2.68
0.49
0.40
83.28
1978
 
25,172
107.5
2.81
0.48
0.40
81.22
1979
 
26,867
114.8
6.73
0.51
0.42
83.63
1980
 
26,944
115.1
0.29
0.52
0.42
83.62
1981
 
27,266
116.5
1.20
0.53
0.43
85.10
1982
 
26,947
115.1
-1.17
0.54
0.42
84.74
1983
 
26,692
114.0
-0.95
0.54
0.41
83.55
1984
 
27,349
116.8
2.46
0.53
0.43
83.40
1985
 
28,029
119.7
2.49
0.53
0.44
84.39
1986
 
28,094
120.0
0.23
0.52
0.44
84.27
1987
 
28,277
120.8
0.65
0.51
0.45
83.82
1988
 
28,940
123.6
2.34
0.51
0.46
84.78
1989
 
29,235
124.9
1.02
0.50
0.47
84.74
1990
 
29,679
126.8
1.52
0.51
0.48
86.02
1991
 
30,210
129.0
1.79
0.52
0.49
89.19
1992
 
30,128
128.7
-0.27
0.51
0.48
88.98
1993
 
30,701
131.1
1.90
0.52
0.48
89.37
1994
 
31,713
135.5
3.30
0.52
0.50
90.62
1995
 
32,775
140.0
3.35
0.52
0.51
92.12
1996
 
32,767
140.0
-0.02
0.51
0.51
91.03
1997
 
33,109
141.4
1.04
0.51
0.52
91.12
1998
 
32,514
138.9
-1.80
0.49
0.51
88.64
1999
 
32,495
138.8
-0.06
0.49
0.51
88.43
2000
 
32,433
138.5
-0.19
0.48
0.51
87.59
2001
 
33,209
141.9
2.39
0.49
0.53
90.97
2002
 
33,772
144.3
1.70
0.51
0.54
93.93
2003
 
33,447
142.9
-0.96
0.51
0.53
93.18
2004
 
33,052
141.2
-1.18
0.50
0.53
91.09
2005
 
33,142
141.6
0.27
0.49
0.53
90.86
2006
 
33,480
143.0
1.02
0.50
0.54
91.05
2007
 
34,223
146.2
2.22
0.50
0.55
92.23
2008
 
34,275
146.4
0.15
0.51
0.55
93.74
2009
 
32,599
139.3
-4.89
0.51
0.53
92.94
2010
 
32,626
139.4
0.08
0.51
0.53
94.60
2011
 
32,781
140.0
0.48
0.50
0.53
94.20
2012
 
33,307
142.3
1.60
0.50
0.54
95.13
2013
 
33,787
144.3
1.44
0.51
0.55
95.55
2014
 
34,440
147.1
1.93
0.51
0.56
96.41
2015
 
35,031
149.6
1.72
0.51
0.57
96.95
2016
 
34,664
148.1
-1.05
0.50
0.57
95.77
2017
 
34,887
149.0
0.64
0.50
0.58
95.89
Source: Calculations by the Ohio Regional Economic Analysis Project (OH-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Ohio:
Total Employment, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
4,695,425
100.0
N
5.16
0.44
98.27
1970
 
4,682,839
99.7
-0.27
5.13
0.44
98.00
1971
 
4,626,586
98.5
-1.20
5.05
0.43
97.33
1972
 
4,709,749
100.3
1.80
4.99
0.44
97.24
1973
 
4,902,170
104.4
4.09
4.98
0.46
97.76
1974
 
4,964,402
105.7
1.27
4.96
0.46
98.27
1975
 
4,809,410
102.4
-3.12
4.86
0.45
97.28
1976
 
4,889,405
104.1
1.66
4.81
0.45
97.38
1977
 
5,034,481
107.2
2.97
4.79
0.47
97.79
1978
 
5,205,914
110.9
3.41
4.75
0.48
97.64
1979
 
5,290,874
112.7
1.63
4.68
0.49
97.24
1980
 
5,204,114
110.8
-1.64
4.57
0.48
96.05
1981
 
5,134,527
109.4
-1.34
4.47
0.48
95.04
1982
 
4,966,522
105.8
-3.27
4.35
0.46
93.69
1983
 
4,960,461
105.6
-0.12
4.29
0.46
93.39
1984
 
5,160,451
109.9
4.03
4.28
0.48
94.03
1985
 
5,287,261
112.6
2.46
4.27
0.49
94.66
1986
 
5,400,592
115.0
2.14
4.28
0.50
95.74
1987
 
5,547,914
118.2
2.73
4.28
0.52
96.43
1988
 
5,682,276
121.0
2.42
4.25
0.53
96.33
1989
 
5,802,511
123.6
2.12
4.26
0.54
97.12
1990
 
5,863,015
124.9
1.04
4.24
0.54
97.38
1991
 
5,842,457
124.4
-0.35
4.25
0.53
98.12
1992
 
5,854,116
124.7
0.20
4.24
0.53
98.54
1993
 
5,959,798
126.9
1.81
4.23
0.54
99.12
1994
 
6,136,451
130.7
2.96
4.26
0.55
100.40
1995
 
6,299,654
134.2
2.66
4.26
0.56
101.23
1996
 
6,395,002
136.2
1.51
4.23
0.57
101.44
1997
 
6,500,115
138.4
1.64
4.21
0.58
101.69
1998
 
6,599,437
140.6
1.53
4.16
0.58
101.55
1999
 
6,681,263
142.3
1.24
4.14
0.59
101.82
2000
 
6,788,707
144.6
1.61
4.11
0.60
101.93
2001
 
6,725,753
143.2
-0.93
4.06
0.59
101.69
2002
 
6,640,240
141.4
-1.27
4.02
0.58
101.41
2003
 
6,620,830
141.0
-0.29
3.99
0.58
101.24
2004
 
6,666,592
142.0
0.69
3.95
0.58
100.95
2005
 
6,709,210
142.9
0.64
3.89
0.59
100.36
2006
 
6,747,271
143.7
0.57
3.84
0.59
99.71
2007
 
6,794,918
144.7
0.71
3.78
0.59
99.13
2008
 
6,725,195
143.2
-1.03
3.75
0.58
99.10
2009
 
6,454,964
137.5
-4.02
3.72
0.56
98.92
2010
 
6,418,162
136.7
-0.57
3.71
0.56
99.51
2011
 
6,521,658
138.9
1.61
3.70
0.56
99.99
2012
 
6,605,931
140.7
1.29
3.69
0.57
100.37
2013
 
6,680,769
142.3
1.13
3.66
0.58
100.17
2014
 
6,770,553
144.2
1.34
3.64
0.58
99.91
2015
 
6,860,104
146.1
1.32
3.60
0.59
99.71
2016
 
6,928,931
147.6
1.00
3.58
0.60
99.71
2017
 
6,995,045
149.0
0.95
3.57
0.60
99.64
Source: Calculations by the Ohio Regional Economic Analysis Project (OH-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Total Employment, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
91,053,200
100.0
N
0.45
1970
 
91,277,600
100.2
0.25
0.45
1971
 
91,581,400
100.6
0.33
0.44
1972
 
94,312,200
103.6
2.98
0.45
1973
 
98,427,500
108.1
4.36
0.47
1974
 
100,111,800
109.9
1.71
0.47
1975
 
98,900,600
108.6
-1.21
0.46
1976
 
101,591,200
111.6
2.72
0.47
1977
 
105,042,200
115.4
3.40
0.48
1978
 
109,686,600
120.5
4.42
0.49
1979
 
113,147,100
124.3
3.15
0.50
1980
 
113,983,200
125.2
0.74
0.50
1981
 
114,914,000
126.2
0.82
0.50
1982
 
114,163,300
125.4
-0.65
0.49
1983
 
115,645,700
127.0
1.30
0.49
1984
 
120,528,100
132.4
4.22
0.51
1985
 
123,796,700
136.0
2.71
0.52
1986
 
126,232,300
138.6
1.97
0.53
1987
 
129,548,400
142.3
2.63
0.53
1988
 
133,563,900
146.7
3.10
0.55
1989
 
136,177,800
149.6
1.96
0.55
1990
 
138,330,900
151.9
1.58
0.55
1991
 
137,612,800
151.1
-0.52
0.54
1992
 
138,166,100
151.7
0.40
0.54
1993
 
140,774,400
154.6
1.89
0.54
1994
 
144,196,600
158.4
2.43
0.55
1995
 
147,915,800
162.4
2.58
0.56
1996
 
151,056,200
165.9
2.12
0.56
1997
 
154,541,200
169.7
2.31
0.57
1998
 
158,481,200
174.1
2.55
0.57
1999
 
161,531,300
177.4
1.92
0.58
2000
 
165,370,800
181.6
2.38
0.59
2001
 
165,522,200
181.8
0.09
0.58
2002
 
165,095,100
181.3
-0.26
0.57
2003
 
165,921,500
182.2
0.50
0.57
2004
 
168,839,700
185.4
1.76
0.58
2005
 
172,338,400
189.3
2.07
0.58
2006
 
175,868,600
193.1
2.05
0.59
2007
 
179,543,700
197.2
2.09
0.60
2008
 
179,213,900
196.8
-0.18
0.59
2009
 
173,636,700
190.7
-3.11
0.57
2010
 
172,901,700
189.9
-0.42
0.56
2011
 
176,091,700
193.4
1.84
0.57
2012
 
178,979,700
196.6
1.64
0.57
2013
 
182,325,100
200.2
1.87
0.58
2014
 
186,235,800
204.5
2.14
0.58
2015
 
190,317,800
209.0
2.19
0.59
2016
 
193,368,900
212.4
1.60
0.60
2017
 
196,132,200
215.4
1.43
0.60
Source: Calculations by the Ohio Regional Economic Analysis Project (OH-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2019. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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