Stark County vs. Ohio
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Total Employment Growth and Change, 1969-2017
Introduction
Stark County:
2017 Jobs = 210,964
2017 Percent of State = 3.0%
Ohio:
2017 Jobs = 6,995,045
2017 Percent of State = 3.6%
Employment numbers remain the most popular and frequently cited statistics used for tracking local area economic conditions and trends. The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) employment estimates reported measure the number of full- and part-time wage and salary employees, plus the number of proprietors of unincorporated businesses. People holding more than one job are counted in the employment estimates for each job they hold. This means BEA employment estimates represent a job count, not a people count. Also, BEA employment is by place-of-work, rather than by place-of-residence. Jobs held by neighboring county residents who commute to Stark County to work are included in the employment count for Stark County.
Data Definition:
The BEA employment series for states and local areas comprises estimates of the number of jobs, full-time plus part-time, by place of work. Full-time and part-time jobs are counted at equal weight. Employees, sole proprietors, and active partners are included, but unpaid family workers and volunteers are not included. Proprietors employment consists of the number of sole proprietorships and the number of partners in partnerships. The description "by place of work" applies to the wage and salary portion of the series and, with relatively little error, to the entire series. The proprietors employment portion of the series, however, is more nearly by place of residence because, for nonfarm sole proprietorships, the estimates are based on IRS tax data that reflect the address from which the proprietor's individual tax return is filed, which is usually the proprietor's residence. The nonfarm partnership portion of the proprietors employment series reflects the tax-filing address of the partnership, which may be either the residence of one of the partners or the business address of the partnership. The employment estimates are designed to be consistent with the estimates of wage and salary disbursements and proprietors' income that are part of the personal income series. The employment estimates are based on the same sets of source data as the corresponding earnings estimates and are prepared with parallel methodologies. Two forms of proprietors' income-the income of limited partnerships and the income of tax-exempt cooperatives-have no corresponding employment estimates.
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Figure 1.
Figure 1 tracks Stark County's annual total employment for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate total employment patterns over time. During this 49-year period, Stark County's total employment rose from 160,468 in 1969 to 210,964 in 2017, for a net gain of 50,496, or 31.5%.
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Figure 2.
Figure 2 tracks Ohio's annual total employment for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate total employment patterns over time. During this 49-year period, Ohio's total employment rose from 4,695,425 in 1969 to 6,995,045 in 2017, for a net gain of 2,299,620, or 49.0%.
Total Employment Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Total Employment Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Figure 3.
Figure 3 portrays Stark County's total employment growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Ohio, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's total employment in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the total employments in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in total employment growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Stark County's overall total employment growth was 31.5% over 1969-2017 trailed Ohio's increase of 49.0%, and fell below the United States' increase of 115.4%.
Total Employment as a Percent of the Ohio Total: 1969-2017
Total Employment as a Percent of the Ohio Total: 1969-2017
Figure 4.
Another interesting and insightful way of contrasting the total employment growth of Stark County is to trace its individual percentage contributions to Ohio's statewide total employment over time, as shown in Figure 4. A rising share means a region's total employment grew faster, or declined less, than Ohio's total employment, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1969, Stark County's total employment comprised 3.4% of Ohio's total employment, while in 2017 it equated to 3.0% thereby yielding a -0.4% share-shift.
   
 
Total Employment Share-Shift
2017 vs. 1969
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2017
vs.
1969
-0.40%
=
3.02%
-
3.42%
 
   
Stark County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Stark County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Figure 5.
Figure 5 highlights the short-run pattern of Stark County's total employment growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2017. The average annual percent change for the entire 48-year period is also traced on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Stark County's total employment grew at an annual rate of 0.60% over 1970-2017. The county posted its highest growth in 1973 (5.80%) and posted its lowest growth in 2009 (-4.43%). In 2017, Stark County's total employment grew by 0.91%
Stark County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Stark County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Figure 6.
Over the past four decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again illustrates the annual percent change in Stark County's total employment since 1970, but this time they are overlayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2017.
During the 1970s, Stark County's annual total employment growth rate averaged 1.34%. It averaged 0.40% throughout the 1980s, 1.28% during the 1990s, -0.84% in the 2000s, and 0.85% thus far this decade (2010 to 2017).
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Stark County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Ohio and the nation. As the chart reveals, Stark County's average annual total employment growth outgained Ohio's average during the 1970s (1.34% vs. 1.22%), recorded under Ohio's average throughout the 1980s (0.40% vs. 0.95%), trailed Ohio's average throughout the 1990s (1.28% vs. 1.42%), fell below Ohio's average during the 2000s (-0.84% vs. -0.33%), and recorded under Ohio's average over the 8 year period of the last decade, 2010-2017 (0.85% vs. 1.01%).
Finally, relative to nationwide total employment growth trends, Stark County lagged the nation throughout the 1970s (1.34% vs. 2.21%), posted below the nation during the 1980s (0.40% vs. 1.88%), fell under the nation over the 1990s (1.28% vs. 1.73%), posted below the nation over the 2000s (-0.84% vs. 0.74%), and fell under the nation over 2010-2017 (0.85% vs. 1.54%).
   
 
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.60
1.34
0.40
1.28
-0.84
0.85
0.91
 
0.85
1.22
0.95
1.42
-0.33
1.01
0.95
 
1.62
2.21
1.88
1.73
0.74
1.54
1.43
 
   
Job Ratios (Employment/Population): 1969-2017
Job Ratios (Employment/Population): 1969-2017
Figure 8.
The job ratios shown in Figure 8 for Stark County, Ohio and the nation not only portray a number of important trends, they also serves as a thumbnail guide to evaluating an economy's capacity to generate enough jobs fast enough to absorb the increasing number of workers attendant to a growing population. The job ratio is the number of full-time and part-time jobs by place of work, divided by population.
Nationally, the job ratio rose from 0.45 to 0.60 between 1969 and 2017. Stark County's job ratio registered 0.43 in 1969, and 0.57 in 2017. Underlying the rising job ratio over the past several decades have been the increases in the labor force participation rates, with the number and proportion of women in the labor market playing a leading role.
An assortment of other factors can contribute to regional differences in the job ratio. They include differences in the proportion of elderly and retirees who no longer work and participate in the labor force, differences in the number and proportion of part-time vs. full-time workers, differences in industry composition, and differences in age and sex distribution and degree of urbanization. Also, a disproportionate number of workers commuting to work outside a county tends to lower its local county job ratio, while a net inflow of workers commuting to work inside the county tends to augment its local county job ratio.
Avoid interpreting the job ratio as the fraction (or percent) of the local population employed. This interpretation should only apply to the "employment-population ratio" statistic compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from the Current Population Survey (CPS).
Job Ratios (Employment/Population)
as a Percent of the U.S. Average:
1969-2017
Job Ratios (Employment/Population)
as a Percent of the U.S. Average:
1969-2017
Figure 9.
To highlight trends in a local job ratio relative to nationwide trends, Figure 9 tracks Stark County's, Ohio's job ratio as a percent of the national job ratio over 1969-2017.

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Stark County:
Total Employment, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
160,468
100.0
N
3.42
0.43
95.88
1970
 
160,488
100.0
0.01
3.43
0.43
96.14
1971
 
155,354
96.8
-3.20
3.36
0.41
93.61
1972
 
158,651
98.9
2.12
3.37
0.43
94.61
1973
 
167,857
104.6
5.80
3.42
0.44
94.48
1974
 
173,250
108.0
3.21
3.49
0.45
96.56
1975
 
167,417
104.3
-3.37
3.48
0.44
96.45
1976
 
167,645
104.5
0.14
3.43
0.45
95.51
1977
 
170,935
106.5
1.96
3.40
0.45
95.08
1978
 
177,987
110.9
4.13
3.42
0.47
95.24
1979
 
182,663
113.8
2.63
3.45
0.48
96.09
1980
 
179,289
111.7
-1.85
3.45
0.47
94.36
1981
 
177,877
110.8
-0.79
3.46
0.47
94.03
1982
 
170,417
106.2
-4.19
3.43
0.45
91.99
1983
 
165,297
103.0
-3.00
3.33
0.44
89.41
1984
 
172,224
107.3
4.19
3.34
0.46
90.32
1985
 
175,330
109.3
1.80
3.32
0.47
90.98
1986
 
176,798
110.2
0.84
3.27
0.48
91.56
1987
 
182,656
113.8
3.31
3.29
0.50
93.39
1988
 
186,249
116.1
1.97
3.28
0.51
92.79
1989
 
189,396
118.0
1.69
3.26
0.51
93.26
1990
 
192,441
119.9
1.61
3.28
0.52
94.35
1991
 
192,046
119.7
-0.21
3.29
0.52
95.38
1992
 
190,459
118.7
-0.83
3.25
0.51
94.96
1993
 
192,961
120.2
1.31
3.24
0.51
95.06
1994
 
197,143
122.9
2.17
3.21
0.52
95.66
1995
 
202,137
126.0
2.53
3.21
0.54
96.51
1996
 
205,201
127.9
1.52
3.21
0.54
96.87
1997
 
208,903
130.2
1.80
3.21
0.55
97.56
1998
 
213,314
132.9
2.11
3.23
0.56
98.34
1999
 
215,006
134.0
0.79
3.22
0.57
98.20
2000
 
220,114
137.2
2.38
3.24
0.58
99.35
2001
 
215,788
134.5
-1.97
3.21
0.57
98.47
2002
 
212,230
132.3
-1.65
3.20
0.56
98.11
2003
 
208,819
130.1
-1.61
3.15
0.55
96.92
2004
 
209,585
130.6
0.37
3.14
0.56
96.50
2005
 
210,928
131.4
0.64
3.14
0.56
96.18
2006
 
206,648
128.8
-2.03
3.06
0.55
93.20
2007
 
207,926
129.6
0.62
3.06
0.55
92.56
2008
 
206,346
128.6
-0.76
3.07
0.55
92.84
2009
 
197,210
122.9
-4.43
3.06
0.52
92.61
2010
 
195,312
121.7
-0.96
3.04
0.52
93.09
2011
 
200,543
125.0
2.68
3.08
0.54
94.78
2012
 
204,326
127.3
1.89
3.09
0.55
95.62
2013
 
206,819
128.9
1.22
3.10
0.55
95.65
2014
 
209,659
130.7
1.37
3.10
0.56
95.51
2015
 
208,744
130.1
-0.44
3.04
0.56
93.97
2016
 
209,064
130.3
0.15
3.02
0.56
93.61
2017
 
210,964
131.5
0.91
3.02
0.57
94.04
Source: Calculations by the Ohio Regional Economic Analysis Project (OH-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Ohio:
Total Employment, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
4,695,425
100.0
N
5.16
0.44
98.27
1970
 
4,682,839
99.7
-0.27
5.13
0.44
98.00
1971
 
4,626,586
98.5
-1.20
5.05
0.43
97.33
1972
 
4,709,749
100.3
1.80
4.99
0.44
97.24
1973
 
4,902,170
104.4
4.09
4.98
0.46
97.76
1974
 
4,964,402
105.7
1.27
4.96
0.46
98.27
1975
 
4,809,410
102.4
-3.12
4.86
0.45
97.28
1976
 
4,889,405
104.1
1.66
4.81
0.45
97.38
1977
 
5,034,481
107.2
2.97
4.79
0.47
97.79
1978
 
5,205,914
110.9
3.41
4.75
0.48
97.64
1979
 
5,290,874
112.7
1.63
4.68
0.49
97.24
1980
 
5,204,114
110.8
-1.64
4.57
0.48
96.05
1981
 
5,134,527
109.4
-1.34
4.47
0.48
95.04
1982
 
4,966,522
105.8
-3.27
4.35
0.46
93.69
1983
 
4,960,461
105.6
-0.12
4.29
0.46
93.39
1984
 
5,160,451
109.9
4.03
4.28
0.48
94.03
1985
 
5,287,261
112.6
2.46
4.27
0.49
94.66
1986
 
5,400,592
115.0
2.14
4.28
0.50
95.74
1987
 
5,547,914
118.2
2.73
4.28
0.52
96.43
1988
 
5,682,276
121.0
2.42
4.25
0.53
96.33
1989
 
5,802,511
123.6
2.12
4.26
0.54
97.12
1990
 
5,863,015
124.9
1.04
4.24
0.54
97.38
1991
 
5,842,457
124.4
-0.35
4.25
0.53
98.12
1992
 
5,854,116
124.7
0.20
4.24
0.53
98.54
1993
 
5,959,798
126.9
1.81
4.23
0.54
99.12
1994
 
6,136,451
130.7
2.96
4.26
0.55
100.40
1995
 
6,299,654
134.2
2.66
4.26
0.56
101.23
1996
 
6,395,002
136.2
1.51
4.23
0.57
101.44
1997
 
6,500,115
138.4
1.64
4.21
0.58
101.69
1998
 
6,599,437
140.6
1.53
4.16
0.58
101.55
1999
 
6,681,263
142.3
1.24
4.14
0.59
101.82
2000
 
6,788,707
144.6
1.61
4.11
0.60
101.93
2001
 
6,725,753
143.2
-0.93
4.06
0.59
101.69
2002
 
6,640,240
141.4
-1.27
4.02
0.58
101.41
2003
 
6,620,830
141.0
-0.29
3.99
0.58
101.24
2004
 
6,666,592
142.0
0.69
3.95
0.58
100.95
2005
 
6,709,210
142.9
0.64
3.89
0.59
100.36
2006
 
6,747,271
143.7
0.57
3.84
0.59
99.71
2007
 
6,794,918
144.7
0.71
3.78
0.59
99.13
2008
 
6,725,195
143.2
-1.03
3.75
0.58
99.10
2009
 
6,454,964
137.5
-4.02
3.72
0.56
98.92
2010
 
6,418,162
136.7
-0.57
3.71
0.56
99.51
2011
 
6,521,658
138.9
1.61
3.70
0.56
99.99
2012
 
6,605,931
140.7
1.29
3.69
0.57
100.37
2013
 
6,680,769
142.3
1.13
3.66
0.58
100.17
2014
 
6,770,553
144.2
1.34
3.64
0.58
99.91
2015
 
6,860,104
146.1
1.32
3.60
0.59
99.71
2016
 
6,928,931
147.6
1.00
3.58
0.60
99.71
2017
 
6,995,045
149.0
0.95
3.57
0.60
99.64
Source: Calculations by the Ohio Regional Economic Analysis Project (OH-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Total Employment, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
91,053,200
100.0
N
0.45
1970
 
91,277,600
100.2
0.25
0.45
1971
 
91,581,400
100.6
0.33
0.44
1972
 
94,312,200
103.6
2.98
0.45
1973
 
98,427,500
108.1
4.36
0.47
1974
 
100,111,800
109.9
1.71
0.47
1975
 
98,900,600
108.6
-1.21
0.46
1976
 
101,591,200
111.6
2.72
0.47
1977
 
105,042,200
115.4
3.40
0.48
1978
 
109,686,600
120.5
4.42
0.49
1979
 
113,147,100
124.3
3.15
0.50
1980
 
113,983,200
125.2
0.74
0.50
1981
 
114,914,000
126.2
0.82
0.50
1982
 
114,163,300
125.4
-0.65
0.49
1983
 
115,645,700
127.0
1.30
0.49
1984
 
120,528,100
132.4
4.22
0.51
1985
 
123,796,700
136.0
2.71
0.52
1986
 
126,232,300
138.6
1.97
0.53
1987
 
129,548,400
142.3
2.63
0.53
1988
 
133,563,900
146.7
3.10
0.55
1989
 
136,177,800
149.6
1.96
0.55
1990
 
138,330,900
151.9
1.58
0.55
1991
 
137,612,800
151.1
-0.52
0.54
1992
 
138,166,100
151.7
0.40
0.54
1993
 
140,774,400
154.6
1.89
0.54
1994
 
144,196,600
158.4
2.43
0.55
1995
 
147,915,800
162.4
2.58
0.56
1996
 
151,056,200
165.9
2.12
0.56
1997
 
154,541,200
169.7
2.31
0.57
1998
 
158,481,200
174.1
2.55
0.57
1999
 
161,531,300
177.4
1.92
0.58
2000
 
165,370,800
181.6
2.38
0.59
2001
 
165,522,200
181.8
0.09
0.58
2002
 
165,095,100
181.3
-0.26
0.57
2003
 
165,921,500
182.2
0.50
0.57
2004
 
168,839,700
185.4
1.76
0.58
2005
 
172,338,400
189.3
2.07
0.58
2006
 
175,868,600
193.1
2.05
0.59
2007
 
179,543,700
197.2
2.09
0.60
2008
 
179,213,900
196.8
-0.18
0.59
2009
 
173,636,700
190.7
-3.11
0.57
2010
 
172,901,700
189.9
-0.42
0.56
2011
 
176,091,700
193.4
1.84
0.57
2012
 
178,979,700
196.6
1.64
0.57
2013
 
182,325,100
200.2
1.87
0.58
2014
 
186,235,800
204.5
2.14
0.58
2015
 
190,317,800
209.0
2.19
0.59
2016
 
193,368,900
212.4
1.60
0.60
2017
 
196,132,200
215.4
1.43
0.60
Source: Calculations by the Ohio Regional Economic Analysis Project (OH-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2019. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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