Paulding County vs. Ohio
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Total Employment Growth and Change, 1969-2017
Introduction
Paulding County:
2017 Jobs = 7,389
2017 Percent of State = 0.1%
Ohio:
2017 Jobs = 6,995,045
2017 Percent of State = 3.6%
Employment numbers remain the most popular and frequently cited statistics used for tracking local area economic conditions and trends. The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) employment estimates reported measure the number of full- and part-time wage and salary employees, plus the number of proprietors of unincorporated businesses. People holding more than one job are counted in the employment estimates for each job they hold. This means BEA employment estimates represent a job count, not a people count. Also, BEA employment is by place-of-work, rather than by place-of-residence. Jobs held by neighboring county residents who commute to Paulding County to work are included in the employment count for Paulding County.
Data Definition:
The BEA employment series for states and local areas comprises estimates of the number of jobs, full-time plus part-time, by place of work. Full-time and part-time jobs are counted at equal weight. Employees, sole proprietors, and active partners are included, but unpaid family workers and volunteers are not included. Proprietors employment consists of the number of sole proprietorships and the number of partners in partnerships. The description "by place of work" applies to the wage and salary portion of the series and, with relatively little error, to the entire series. The proprietors employment portion of the series, however, is more nearly by place of residence because, for nonfarm sole proprietorships, the estimates are based on IRS tax data that reflect the address from which the proprietor's individual tax return is filed, which is usually the proprietor's residence. The nonfarm partnership portion of the proprietors employment series reflects the tax-filing address of the partnership, which may be either the residence of one of the partners or the business address of the partnership. The employment estimates are designed to be consistent with the estimates of wage and salary disbursements and proprietors' income that are part of the personal income series. The employment estimates are based on the same sets of source data as the corresponding earnings estimates and are prepared with parallel methodologies. Two forms of proprietors' income-the income of limited partnerships and the income of tax-exempt cooperatives-have no corresponding employment estimates.
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Figure 1.
Figure 1 tracks Paulding County's annual total employment for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate total employment patterns over time. During this 49-year period, Paulding County's total employment rose from 6,280 in 1969 to 7,389 in 2017, for a net gain of 1,109, or 17.7%.
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Total Employment, 1969-2017
Figure 2.
Figure 2 tracks Ohio's annual total employment for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate total employment patterns over time. During this 49-year period, Ohio's total employment rose from 4,695,425 in 1969 to 6,995,045 in 2017, for a net gain of 2,299,620, or 49.0%.
Total Employment Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Total Employment Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Figure 3.
Figure 3 portrays Paulding County's total employment growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Ohio, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's total employment in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the total employments in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in total employment growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Paulding County's overall total employment growth was 17.7% over 1969-2017 trailed Ohio's increase of 49.0%, and fell below the United States' increase of 115.4%.
Total Employment as a Percent of the Ohio Total: 1969-2017
Total Employment as a Percent of the Ohio Total: 1969-2017
Figure 4.
Another interesting and insightful way of contrasting the total employment growth of Paulding County is to compare its individual percentage contributions to Ohio's statewide total employment over time, as shown in Figure 4. A rising share means a region's total employment grew faster, or declined less, than Ohio's total employment, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1969, Paulding County's total employment totaled 0.13% of Ohio's total employment, while in 2017 it totaled 0.11% thereby yielding a -0.03% share-shift.
   
 
Total Employment Share-Shift
2017 vs. 1969
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2017
vs.
1969
-0.03%
=
0.11%
-
0.13%
 
   
Paulding County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Paulding County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Figure 5.
Figure 5 shows the short-run pattern of Paulding County's total employment growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2017. The average annual percent change for the entire 48-year period is also traced on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Paulding County's total employment grew at an annual rate of 0.37% over 1970-2017. The county recorded its highest growth in 2005 (5.76%) and posted its lowest growth in 2009 (-7.47%). In 2017, Paulding County's total employment declined by -0.15%
Paulding County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Paulding County Total Employment:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Figure 6.
Over the past four decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again depicts the annual percent change in Paulding County's total employment since 1970, but this time they are displayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2017.
During the 1970s, Paulding County's annual total employment growth rate averaged 0.10%. It averaged 0.17% during the 1980s, 1.83% throughout the 1990s, -0.85% during the 2000s, and 0.67% thus far this decade (2010 to 2017).
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Paulding County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Ohio and the nation. As the chart reveals, Paulding County's average annual total employment growth fell below Ohio's average in the 1970s (0.10% vs. 1.22%), amounted to less than Ohio's average throughout the 1980s (0.17% vs. 0.95%), outgained Ohio's average throughout the 1990s (1.83% vs. 1.42%), recorded under Ohio's average in the 2000s (-0.85% vs. -0.33%), and posted below Ohio's average over the 8 year period of the last decade, 2010-2017 (0.67% vs. 1.01%).
Finally, relative to nationwide total employment growth trends, Paulding County trailed the nation during the 1970s (0.10% vs. 2.21%), posted below the nation throughout the 1980s (0.17% vs. 1.88%), led the nation over the 1990s (1.83% vs. 1.73%), fell under the nation in the 2000s (-0.85% vs. 0.74%), and posted below the nation over 2010-2017 (0.67% vs. 1.54%).
   
 
Total Employment Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.37
0.10
0.17
1.83
-0.85
0.67
-0.15
 
0.85
1.22
0.95
1.42
-0.33
1.01
0.95
 
1.62
2.21
1.88
1.73
0.74
1.54
1.43
 
   
Job Ratios (Employment/Population): 1969-2017
Job Ratios (Employment/Population): 1969-2017
Figure 8.
The job ratios shown in Figure 8 for Paulding County, Ohio and the nation not only portray a number of important trends, they also serves as a thumbnail guide to evaluating an economy's capacity to generate enough jobs fast enough to absorb the increasing number of workers attendant to a growing population. The job ratio is the number of full-time and part-time jobs by place of work, divided by population.
Nationally, the job ratio rose from 0.45 to 0.60 between 1969 and 2017. Paulding County's job ratio registered 0.33 in 1969, and 0.39 in 2017. Underlying the rising job ratio over the past several decades have been the increases in the labor force participation rates, with the number and proportion of women in the labor market playing a leading role.
An assortment of other factors can contribute to regional differences in the job ratio. They include differences in the proportion of elderly and retirees who no longer work and participate in the labor force, differences in the number and proportion of part-time vs. full-time workers, differences in industry composition, and differences in age and sex distribution and degree of urbanization. Also, a disproportionate number of workers commuting to work outside a county tends to lower its local county job ratio, while a net inflow of workers commuting to work inside the county tends to augment its local county job ratio.
Avoid interpreting the job ratio as the fraction (or percent) of the local population employed. This interpretation should only apply to the "employment-population ratio" statistic compiled by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from the Current Population Survey (CPS).
Job Ratios (Employment/Population)
as a Percent of the U.S. Average:
1969-2017
Job Ratios (Employment/Population)
as a Percent of the U.S. Average:
1969-2017
Figure 9.
To highlight trends in a local job ratio relative to nationwide trends, Figure 9 tracks Paulding County's, Ohio's job ratio as a percent of the national job ratio over 1969-2017.

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Paulding County:
Total Employment, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
6,280
100.0
N
0.13
0.33
72.86
1970
 
6,117
97.4
-2.60
0.13
0.32
70.42
1971
 
6,023
95.9
-1.54
0.13
0.30
68.77
1972
 
6,088
96.9
1.08
0.13
0.31
67.83
1973
 
6,241
99.4
2.51
0.13
0.31
66.34
1974
 
6,184
98.5
-0.91
0.12
0.30
64.51
1975
 
6,259
99.7
1.21
0.13
0.30
65.49
1976
 
6,211
98.9
-0.77
0.13
0.30
64.53
1977
 
6,125
97.5
-1.38
0.12
0.29
61.65
1978
 
6,225
99.1
1.63
0.12
0.30
60.01
1979
 
6,332
100.8
1.72
0.12
0.30
59.12
1980
 
6,043
96.2
-4.56
0.12
0.28
56.59
1981
 
5,901
94.0
-2.35
0.11
0.28
55.62
1982
 
5,750
91.6
-2.56
0.12
0.28
55.83
1983
 
5,780
92.0
0.52
0.12
0.28
55.98
1984
 
5,911
94.1
2.27
0.11
0.29
55.98
1985
 
6,020
95.9
1.84
0.11
0.29
55.95
1986
 
6,144
97.8
2.06
0.11
0.30
56.72
1987
 
6,431
102.4
4.67
0.12
0.31
57.92
1988
 
6,510
103.7
1.23
0.11
0.32
57.69
1989
 
6,418
102.2
-1.41
0.11
0.31
56.31
1990
 
6,368
101.4
-0.78
0.11
0.31
56.12
1991
 
6,457
102.8
1.40
0.11
0.32
58.30
1992
 
6,782
108.0
5.03
0.12
0.34
62.28
1993
 
7,060
112.4
4.10
0.12
0.35
63.91
1994
 
6,931
110.4
-1.83
0.11
0.34
62.17
1995
 
7,068
112.5
1.98
0.11
0.35
62.36
1996
 
7,244
115.4
2.49
0.11
0.35
63.10
1997
 
7,403
117.9
2.19
0.11
0.36
63.62
1998
 
7,744
123.3
4.61
0.12
0.38
66.02
1999
 
7,677
122.2
-0.87
0.11
0.38
64.96
2000
 
7,708
122.7
0.40
0.11
0.38
64.94
2001
 
7,551
120.2
-2.04
0.11
0.37
64.41
2002
 
7,391
117.7
-2.12
0.11
0.37
64.47
2003
 
7,297
116.2
-1.27
0.11
0.37
64.16
2004
 
7,377
117.5
1.10
0.11
0.37
64.60
2005
 
7,802
124.2
5.76
0.12
0.39
67.53
2006
 
7,872
125.4
0.90
0.12
0.40
67.63
2007
 
7,850
125.0
-0.28
0.12
0.40
66.74
2008
 
7,575
120.6
-3.50
0.11
0.39
65.35
2009
 
7,009
111.6
-7.47
0.11
0.36
62.99
2010
 
7,112
113.2
1.47
0.11
0.36
65.04
2011
 
7,200
114.6
1.24
0.11
0.37
65.78
2012
 
7,340
116.9
1.94
0.11
0.38
66.89
2013
 
7,254
115.5
-1.17
0.11
0.38
65.73
2014
 
7,313
116.4
0.81
0.11
0.39
65.93
2015
 
7,367
117.3
0.74
0.11
0.39
65.56
2016
 
7,400
117.8
0.45
0.11
0.39
65.70
2017
 
7,389
117.7
-0.15
0.11
0.39
65.12
Source: Calculations by the Ohio Regional Economic Analysis Project (OH-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Ohio:
Total Employment, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
4,695,425
100.0
N
5.16
0.44
98.27
1970
 
4,682,839
99.7
-0.27
5.13
0.44
98.00
1971
 
4,626,586
98.5
-1.20
5.05
0.43
97.33
1972
 
4,709,749
100.3
1.80
4.99
0.44
97.24
1973
 
4,902,170
104.4
4.09
4.98
0.46
97.76
1974
 
4,964,402
105.7
1.27
4.96
0.46
98.27
1975
 
4,809,410
102.4
-3.12
4.86
0.45
97.28
1976
 
4,889,405
104.1
1.66
4.81
0.45
97.38
1977
 
5,034,481
107.2
2.97
4.79
0.47
97.79
1978
 
5,205,914
110.9
3.41
4.75
0.48
97.64
1979
 
5,290,874
112.7
1.63
4.68
0.49
97.24
1980
 
5,204,114
110.8
-1.64
4.57
0.48
96.05
1981
 
5,134,527
109.4
-1.34
4.47
0.48
95.04
1982
 
4,966,522
105.8
-3.27
4.35
0.46
93.69
1983
 
4,960,461
105.6
-0.12
4.29
0.46
93.39
1984
 
5,160,451
109.9
4.03
4.28
0.48
94.03
1985
 
5,287,261
112.6
2.46
4.27
0.49
94.66
1986
 
5,400,592
115.0
2.14
4.28
0.50
95.74
1987
 
5,547,914
118.2
2.73
4.28
0.52
96.43
1988
 
5,682,276
121.0
2.42
4.25
0.53
96.33
1989
 
5,802,511
123.6
2.12
4.26
0.54
97.12
1990
 
5,863,015
124.9
1.04
4.24
0.54
97.38
1991
 
5,842,457
124.4
-0.35
4.25
0.53
98.12
1992
 
5,854,116
124.7
0.20
4.24
0.53
98.54
1993
 
5,959,798
126.9
1.81
4.23
0.54
99.12
1994
 
6,136,451
130.7
2.96
4.26
0.55
100.40
1995
 
6,299,654
134.2
2.66
4.26
0.56
101.23
1996
 
6,395,002
136.2
1.51
4.23
0.57
101.44
1997
 
6,500,115
138.4
1.64
4.21
0.58
101.69
1998
 
6,599,437
140.6
1.53
4.16
0.58
101.55
1999
 
6,681,263
142.3
1.24
4.14
0.59
101.82
2000
 
6,788,707
144.6
1.61
4.11
0.60
101.93
2001
 
6,725,753
143.2
-0.93
4.06
0.59
101.69
2002
 
6,640,240
141.4
-1.27
4.02
0.58
101.41
2003
 
6,620,830
141.0
-0.29
3.99
0.58
101.24
2004
 
6,666,592
142.0
0.69
3.95
0.58
100.95
2005
 
6,709,210
142.9
0.64
3.89
0.59
100.36
2006
 
6,747,271
143.7
0.57
3.84
0.59
99.71
2007
 
6,794,918
144.7
0.71
3.78
0.59
99.13
2008
 
6,725,195
143.2
-1.03
3.75
0.58
99.10
2009
 
6,454,964
137.5
-4.02
3.72
0.56
98.92
2010
 
6,418,162
136.7
-0.57
3.71
0.56
99.51
2011
 
6,521,658
138.9
1.61
3.70
0.56
99.99
2012
 
6,605,931
140.7
1.29
3.69
0.57
100.37
2013
 
6,680,769
142.3
1.13
3.66
0.58
100.17
2014
 
6,770,553
144.2
1.34
3.64
0.58
99.91
2015
 
6,860,104
146.1
1.32
3.60
0.59
99.71
2016
 
6,928,931
147.6
1.00
3.58
0.60
99.71
2017
 
6,995,045
149.0
0.95
3.57
0.60
99.64
Source: Calculations by the Ohio Regional Economic Analysis Project (OH-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Total Employment, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
91,053,200
100.0
N
0.45
1970
 
91,277,600
100.2
0.25
0.45
1971
 
91,581,400
100.6
0.33
0.44
1972
 
94,312,200
103.6
2.98
0.45
1973
 
98,427,500
108.1
4.36
0.47
1974
 
100,111,800
109.9
1.71
0.47
1975
 
98,900,600
108.6
-1.21
0.46
1976
 
101,591,200
111.6
2.72
0.47
1977
 
105,042,200
115.4
3.40
0.48
1978
 
109,686,600
120.5
4.42
0.49
1979
 
113,147,100
124.3
3.15
0.50
1980
 
113,983,200
125.2
0.74
0.50
1981
 
114,914,000
126.2
0.82
0.50
1982
 
114,163,300
125.4
-0.65
0.49
1983
 
115,645,700
127.0
1.30
0.49
1984
 
120,528,100
132.4
4.22
0.51
1985
 
123,796,700
136.0
2.71
0.52
1986
 
126,232,300
138.6
1.97
0.53
1987
 
129,548,400
142.3
2.63
0.53
1988
 
133,563,900
146.7
3.10
0.55
1989
 
136,177,800
149.6
1.96
0.55
1990
 
138,330,900
151.9
1.58
0.55
1991
 
137,612,800
151.1
-0.52
0.54
1992
 
138,166,100
151.7
0.40
0.54
1993
 
140,774,400
154.6
1.89
0.54
1994
 
144,196,600
158.4
2.43
0.55
1995
 
147,915,800
162.4
2.58
0.56
1996
 
151,056,200
165.9
2.12
0.56
1997
 
154,541,200
169.7
2.31
0.57
1998
 
158,481,200
174.1
2.55
0.57
1999
 
161,531,300
177.4
1.92
0.58
2000
 
165,370,800
181.6
2.38
0.59
2001
 
165,522,200
181.8
0.09
0.58
2002
 
165,095,100
181.3
-0.26
0.57
2003
 
165,921,500
182.2
0.50
0.57
2004
 
168,839,700
185.4
1.76
0.58
2005
 
172,338,400
189.3
2.07
0.58
2006
 
175,868,600
193.1
2.05
0.59
2007
 
179,543,700
197.2
2.09
0.60
2008
 
179,213,900
196.8
-0.18
0.59
2009
 
173,636,700
190.7
-3.11
0.57
2010
 
172,901,700
189.9
-0.42
0.56
2011
 
176,091,700
193.4
1.84
0.57
2012
 
178,979,700
196.6
1.64
0.57
2013
 
182,325,100
200.2
1.87
0.58
2014
 
186,235,800
204.5
2.14
0.58
2015
 
190,317,800
209.0
2.19
0.59
2016
 
193,368,900
212.4
1.60
0.60
2017
 
196,132,200
215.4
1.43
0.60
Source: Calculations by the Ohio Regional Economic Analysis Project (OH-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1000_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2019. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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