Nonmetropolitan Ohio vs. Ohio
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Average Earnings Per Job Growth and Change, 1969-2017
Introduction
Nonmetropolitan Ohio:
2017 Avg. Earnings = $48,072
2017 Percent of State = 86.1%
Ohio:
2017 Avg. Earnings = $55,843
The United States economy has generated an impressive number of jobs since the 1970s. The contrast between the nation's vigorous employment growth and the modest performance of other major industrial countries is striking. Despite this rosy track record, the real (inflation adjusted) wages and salaries of many workers have stagnated or slipped in recent years. This development has provoked concerns about the quality of new jobs. Structural shifts in the composition of employment--from high-wage goods-producing to low-wage services-related sectors--is the culprit most often cited for the deteriorating quality of jobs.
Regions vary greatly in the make-up of their labor force, in their industry composition of employment, and their economic experience. Reviewing and examining recent developments in average earnings per job in Nonmetropolitan Ohio with comparisons to Ohio and the nation is an important first step in understanding the economic forces at play in Nonmetropolitan Ohio.
Discussion: Average Annual Earnings Per Job are computed by dividing BEA total industry earnings estimates by the BEA total full- and part-time jobs estimates. No convenient or adequate means exist at the county or regional level for converting the job estimates to a full-time equivalent measure. So, interpret the average earnings per job estimates with caution in consideration of the following issues:
Average earnings per job within industries involving more part-time work is lower than industries involving more full-time work, although there could be little difference in the underlying wage of full-time workers. Such differences could also prevail between counties and regions. An increase in the proportion of part-time jobs over time may erode average earnings per job estimates, although full-time earnings per worker may have remained unchanged.
As with per capita income, average earnings per job may be subject to extreme short-run variation, especially in smaller counties. Major construction projects relating to building dams, nuclear power plants, and private plant construction projects have caused extreme fluctuations in many smaller counties. Such changes typify both small and large agriculture-dependent counties owing to the extreme annual variations in farm incomes. Also, Since average earnings per job are just a simple average, it does not account for variations in the distribution of earnings among high- vs. low-wage jobs.
Nonmetropolitan Ohio Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Current vs. Constant Dollars
Nonmetropolitan Ohio Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Current vs. Constant Dollars
Figure 1.
Figure 1 depicts Nonmetropolitan Ohio's annual average earnings per job over 1969-2017 in current and constant (2012) dollars. Constant dollar measurements remove the effects of inflation. They allow for comparison of changes in the real purchasing power of Nonmetropolitan Ohio over time.
When measured in current dollars, Nonmetropolitan Ohio's average earnings per job increased 658.4%, from $6,339 in 1969 to $48,072 in 2017. When measured in constant 2012 dollars to adjust for inflation, it advanced 43.1%, from $31,671 in 1969 to $45,320 in 2017.
Real Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Real Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Figure 2.
Figure 2 traces Nonmetropolitan Ohio's and Ohio's annual real average earnings per job for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate real average earnings per job patterns over time. During this 49-year period, Nonmetropolitan Ohio's real average earnings per job rose from $31,671 in 1969 to $45,320 in 2017, for a net gain of $13,649, or 43.1%. In comparison, Ohio's real average earnings per job advanced from $38,223 in 1969 to $52,646 in 2017, for a net advance of $14,423, or 37.7%.
Real Average Earnings Per Job Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Real Average Earnings Per Job Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Figure 3.
Figure 3 shows Nonmetropolitan Ohio's real average earnings per job growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Ohio, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's real average earnings per job in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the real average earnings per jobs in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in real average earnings per job growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Nonmetropolitan Ohio's overall real average earnings per job growth was 43.1% over 1969-2017 outpaced Ohio's increase of 37.7%, and fell below the United States' increase of 59.1%.
Average Earnings Per Job as a Percent of the U.S. Average: 1969-2017
Average Earnings Per Job as a Percent of the U.S. Average: 1969-2017
Figure 4.
Figure 4 portrays the trends for average earnings per job relative to the national average by tracing Nonmetropolitan Ohio and Ohio average earnings per job as a percent of the national average over 1969-2017.
In 1969, Nonmetropolitan Ohio's average earnings per job amounted to 88.1% of the national average; in 2017, it approximated 79.2%. Similarly, in 1969, Ohio's average earnings per job totaled 106.3% of the national average; in 2017, it consisted of 92.1%.
Nonmetropolitan Ohio Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Nonmetropolitan Ohio Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Figure 5.
Figure 5 displays the short-run pattern of Nonmetropolitan Ohio's real average earnings per job growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2017. The average annual percent change for the entire 48-year period is also illustrated on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Nonmetropolitan Ohio's real average earnings per job grew at an annual rate of 0.78% over 1970-2017. Nonmetropolitan Ohio posted its highest growth in 1984 (7.89%) and recorded its lowest growth in 1980 (-5.02%). In 2017, Nonmetropolitan Ohio's real average earnings per job grew by 0.70%
Nonmetropolitan Ohio Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Nonmetropolitan Ohio Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Figure 6.
Over the past four decades some nonmetropolitan regions have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again illustrates the annual percent change in Nonmetropolitan Ohio's real average earnings per job since 1970, but this time they are overlayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2017.
During the 1970s, Nonmetropolitan Ohio's annual real average earnings per job growth rate averaged 1.15%. It averaged -0.05% during the 1980s, 0.98% throughout the 1990s, 0.86% throughout the 2000s, and 1.00% thus far this decade (2010 to 2017).
Real Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Real Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Nonmetropolitan Ohio noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Ohio and the nation. As the chart reveals, Nonmetropolitan Ohio's average annual real average earnings per job growth topped Ohio's average during the 1970s (1.15% vs. 0.70%), fell below Ohio's average in the 1980s (-0.05% vs. 0.14%), fell below Ohio's average in the 1990s (0.98% vs. 1.22%), recorded above Ohio's average during the 2000s (0.86% vs. 0.46%), and topped Ohio's average over the 8 year period of the last decade, 2010-2017 (1.00% vs. 0.94%).
Finally, relative to nationwide real average earnings per job growth trends, Nonmetropolitan Ohio registered above the nation during the 1970s (1.15% vs. 0.89%), posted below the nation over the 1980s (-0.05% vs. 0.70%), fell under the nation during the 1990s (0.98% vs. 1.68%), exceeded the nation in the 2000s (0.86% vs. 0.72%), and recorded above the nation over 2010-2017 (1.00% vs. 0.92%).
   
 
Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.78
1.15
-0.05
0.98
0.86
1.00
0.70
 
0.68
0.70
0.14
1.22
0.46
0.94
1.26
 
0.98
0.89
0.70
1.68
0.72
0.92
1.41
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Nonmetropolitan Ohio:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
6,339
0.200
31,671
100.0
N
82.86
88.09
1970
 
6,637
0.210
31,677
100.0
0.02
83.41
87.15
1971
 
7,183
0.218
32,887
103.8
3.82
84.88
88.40
1972
 
7,640
0.226
33,825
106.8
2.85
84.34
87.66
1973
 
8,353
0.238
35,094
110.8
3.75
85.96
89.24
1974
 
8,908
0.263
33,896
107.0
-3.41
86.11
89.49
1975
 
9,417
0.285
33,076
104.4
-2.42
85.22
87.66
1976
 
10,398
0.300
34,624
109.3
4.68
86.23
89.82
1977
 
11,173
0.320
34,931
110.3
0.88
85.39
89.80
1978
 
12,071
0.342
35,285
111.4
1.01
85.73
89.49
1979
 
13,181
0.373
35,385
111.7
0.28
86.50
90.27
1980
 
13,867
0.413
33,608
106.1
-5.02
85.81
88.37
1981
 
14,649
0.450
32,583
102.9
-3.05
84.08
85.71
1982
 
15,228
0.475
32,088
101.3
-1.52
83.67
84.59
1983
 
15,789
0.495
31,913
100.8
-0.54
82.18
83.40
1984
 
17,678
0.513
34,432
108.7
7.89
85.46
87.54
1985
 
18,239
0.531
34,326
108.4
-0.31
84.60
86.26
1986
 
18,657
0.543
34,366
108.5
0.12
84.17
84.45
1987
 
19,321
0.560
34,525
109.0
0.46
84.59
83.49
1988
 
20,233
0.582
34,795
109.9
0.78
83.92
82.84
1989
 
21,259
0.607
35,029
110.6
0.67
84.59
83.41
1990
 
22,100
0.634
34,883
110.1
-0.42
84.45
83.01
1991
 
22,501
0.655
34,367
108.5
-1.48
83.77
81.64
1992
 
24,145
0.672
35,920
113.4
4.52
84.10
82.08
1993
 
24,698
0.689
35,850
113.2
-0.20
83.86
81.93
1994
 
25,687
0.703
36,523
115.3
1.88
84.49
82.98
1995
 
25,774
0.718
35,892
113.3
-1.73
83.61
81.41
1996
 
26,766
0.733
36,492
115.2
1.67
84.44
81.43
1997
 
27,911
0.746
37,402
118.1
2.49
84.53
81.42
1998
 
28,944
0.752
38,481
121.5
2.88
83.91
80.22
1999
 
29,438
0.763
38,562
121.8
0.21
82.63
77.83
2000
 
30,003
0.782
38,350
121.1
-0.55
81.68
75.05
2001
 
32,710
0.797
41,022
129.5
6.97
86.05
78.86
2002
 
33,627
0.808
41,623
131.4
1.46
85.87
79.30
2003
 
34,964
0.824
42,454
134.0
2.00
86.32
80.09
2004
 
36,256
0.844
42,952
135.6
1.17
86.29
79.76
2005
 
36,303
0.868
41,818
132.0
-2.64
85.19
77.82
2006
 
37,186
0.892
41,700
131.7
-0.28
84.44
76.76
2007
 
37,898
0.914
41,447
130.9
-0.61
84.33
76.74
2008
 
38,958
0.942
41,365
130.6
-0.20
84.81
77.46
2009
 
39,408
0.941
41,882
132.2
1.25
85.75
78.76
2010
 
41,001
0.957
42,841
135.3
2.29
86.19
78.57
2011
 
43,096
0.981
43,917
138.7
2.51
87.06
80.36
2012
 
43,747
1.000
43,747
138.1
-0.39
85.87
79.07
2013
 
45,550
1.013
44,945
141.9
2.74
87.34
81.17
2014
 
46,393
1.029
45,099
142.4
0.34
87.66
80.85
2015
 
47,540
1.031
46,099
145.6
2.22
88.19
81.44
2016
 
46,909
1.042
45,004
142.1
-2.38
86.56
79.81
2017
 
48,072
1.061
45,320
143.1
0.70
86.08
79.25
Source: Calculations by the Ohio Regional Economic Analysis Project (OH-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1400_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Ohio:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
7,650
0.200
38,223
100.0
N
106.31
1970
 
7,957
0.210
37,977
99.4
-0.64
104.48
1971
 
8,462
0.218
38,744
101.4
2.02
104.14
1972
 
9,058
0.226
40,106
104.9
3.51
103.94
1973
 
9,717
0.238
40,824
106.8
1.79
103.81
1974
 
10,345
0.263
39,365
103.0
-3.58
103.93
1975
 
11,050
0.285
38,814
101.5
-1.40
102.87
1976
 
12,059
0.300
40,154
105.1
3.45
104.16
1977
 
13,084
0.320
40,906
107.0
1.87
105.16
1978
 
14,080
0.342
41,158
107.7
0.61
104.38
1979
 
15,238
0.373
40,907
107.0
-0.61
104.36
1980
 
16,160
0.413
39,163
102.5
-4.26
102.98
1981
 
17,423
0.450
38,755
101.4
-1.04
101.95
1982
 
18,199
0.475
38,349
100.3
-1.05
101.10
1983
 
19,212
0.495
38,833
101.6
1.26
101.48
1984
 
20,687
0.513
40,292
105.4
3.76
102.44
1985
 
21,558
0.531
40,572
106.1
0.69
101.96
1986
 
22,167
0.543
40,830
106.8
0.64
100.34
1987
 
22,840
0.560
40,812
106.8
-0.05
98.70
1988
 
24,111
0.582
41,462
108.5
1.59
98.71
1989
 
25,132
0.607
41,410
108.3
-0.13
98.60
1990
 
26,170
0.634
41,306
108.1
-0.25
98.29
1991
 
26,859
0.655
41,023
107.3
-0.69
97.45
1992
 
28,710
0.672
42,712
111.7
4.12
97.61
1993
 
29,451
0.689
42,750
111.8
0.09
97.70
1994
 
30,401
0.703
43,227
113.1
1.12
98.21
1995
 
30,828
0.718
42,929
112.3
-0.69
97.38
1996
 
31,697
0.733
43,216
113.1
0.67
96.44
1997
 
33,018
0.746
44,246
115.8
2.38
96.31
1998
 
34,495
0.752
45,861
120.0
3.65
95.61
1999
 
35,627
0.763
46,670
122.1
1.76
94.19
2000
 
36,733
0.782
46,952
122.8
0.60
91.88
2001
 
38,015
0.797
47,675
124.7
1.54
91.65
2002
 
39,161
0.808
48,473
126.8
1.68
92.35
2003
 
40,507
0.824
49,185
128.7
1.47
92.79
2004
 
42,016
0.844
49,776
130.2
1.20
92.43
2005
 
42,614
0.868
49,088
128.4
-1.38
91.35
2006
 
44,037
0.892
49,383
129.2
0.60
90.90
2007
 
44,938
0.914
49,146
128.6
-0.48
90.99
2008
 
45,933
0.942
48,771
127.6
-0.76
91.33
2009
 
45,958
0.941
48,842
127.8
0.15
91.85
2010
 
47,571
0.957
49,705
130.0
1.77
91.15
2011
 
49,499
0.981
50,442
132.0
1.48
92.30
2012
 
50,944
1.000
50,944
133.3
0.99
92.08
2013
 
52,149
1.013
51,457
134.6
1.01
92.93
2014
 
52,921
1.029
51,445
134.6
-0.02
92.23
2015
 
53,906
1.031
52,272
136.8
1.61
92.34
2016
 
54,194
1.042
51,992
136.0
-0.53
92.20
2017
 
55,843
1.061
52,646
137.7
1.26
92.06
Source: Calculations by the Ohio Regional Economic Analysis Project (OH-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1400_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
7,196
0.200
35,953
100.0
N
1970
 
7,615
0.210
36,349
101.1
1.10
1971
 
8,125
0.218
37,202
103.5
2.35
1972
 
8,715
0.226
38,587
107.3
3.72
1973
 
9,360
0.238
39,326
109.4
1.92
1974
 
9,954
0.263
37,877
105.4
-3.69
1975
 
10,742
0.285
37,733
104.9
-0.38
1976
 
11,577
0.300
38,550
107.2
2.17
1977
 
12,442
0.320
38,898
108.2
0.90
1978
 
13,489
0.342
39,429
109.7
1.36
1979
 
14,602
0.373
39,199
109.0
-0.58
1980
 
15,692
0.413
38,030
105.8
-2.98
1981
 
17,091
0.450
38,015
105.7
-0.04
1982
 
18,001
0.475
37,932
105.5
-0.22
1983
 
18,932
0.495
38,267
106.4
0.88
1984
 
20,194
0.513
39,331
109.4
2.78
1985
 
21,143
0.531
39,792
110.7
1.17
1986
 
22,092
0.543
40,692
113.2
2.26
1987
 
23,141
0.560
41,350
115.0
1.62
1988
 
24,425
0.582
42,003
116.8
1.58
1989
 
25,487
0.607
41,996
116.8
-0.02
1990
 
26,625
0.634
42,025
116.9
0.07
1991
 
27,561
0.655
42,095
117.1
0.17
1992
 
29,415
0.672
43,760
121.7
3.96
1993
 
30,143
0.689
43,754
121.7
-0.01
1994
 
30,956
0.703
44,015
122.4
0.60
1995
 
31,658
0.718
44,085
122.6
0.16
1996
 
32,868
0.733
44,813
124.6
1.65
1997
 
34,281
0.746
45,939
127.8
2.51
1998
 
36,079
0.752
47,967
133.4
4.41
1999
 
37,823
0.763
49,547
137.8
3.29
2000
 
39,978
0.782
51,100
142.1
3.13
2001
 
41,477
0.797
52,016
144.7
1.79
2002
 
42,407
0.808
52,491
146.0
0.91
2003
 
43,657
0.824
53,009
147.4
0.99
2004
 
45,458
0.844
53,853
149.8
1.59
2005
 
46,650
0.868
53,737
149.5
-0.22
2006
 
48,444
0.892
54,325
151.1
1.09
2007
 
49,385
0.914
54,009
150.2
-0.58
2008
 
50,294
0.942
53,402
148.5
-1.12
2009
 
50,038
0.941
53,179
147.9
-0.42
2010
 
52,187
0.957
54,529
151.7
2.54
2011
 
53,628
0.981
54,650
152.0
0.22
2012
 
55,324
1.000
55,324
153.9
1.23
2013
 
56,117
1.013
55,371
154.0
0.09
2014
 
57,382
1.029
55,782
155.2
0.74
2015
 
58,377
1.031
56,607
157.4
1.48
2016
 
58,777
1.042
56,389
156.8
-0.38
2017
 
60,660
1.061
57,187
159.1
1.41
Source: Calculations by the Ohio Regional Economic Analysis Project (OH-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1400_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2019. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

Please stay tuned...
while your request is processing:

Please wait while your request is being processed...
To offer the most comprehensive set of interactive options in support of your research, OH-REAP calculates and crunches most of the data and generates the narrative and graphic analysis on demand in response to your request.
Your request will soon be available.
Just a few more seconds....Your request has been generated and is now loading the results.