Lawrence County vs. Ohio
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Average Earnings Per Job Growth and Change, 1969-2017
Introduction
Lawrence County:
2017 Avg. Earnings = $39,768
2017 Percent of State = 71.2%
Ohio:
2017 Avg. Earnings = $55,843
The United States economy has generated an impressive number of jobs since the 1970s. The contrast between the nation's vigorous employment growth and the modest performance of other major industrial countries is striking. Despite this rosy track record, the real (inflation adjusted) wages and salaries of many workers have stagnated or slipped in recent years. This development has provoked concerns about the quality of new jobs. Structural shifts in the composition of employment--from high-wage goods-producing to low-wage services-related sectors--is the culprit most often cited for the deteriorating quality of jobs.
Regions vary greatly in the make-up of their labor force, in their industry composition of employment, and their economic experience. Reviewing and examining recent developments in average earnings per job in Lawrence County with comparisons to Ohio and the nation is an important first step in understanding the economic forces at play in Lawrence County.
Discussion: Average Annual Earnings Per Job are computed by dividing BEA total industry earnings estimates by the BEA total full- and part-time jobs estimates. No convenient or adequate means exist at the county or regional level for converting the job estimates to a full-time equivalent measure. So, interpret the average earnings per job estimates with caution in consideration of the following issues:
Average earnings per job within industries involving more part-time work is lower than industries involving more full-time work, although there could be little difference in the underlying wage of full-time workers. Such differences could also prevail between counties and regions. An increase in the proportion of part-time jobs over time may erode average earnings per job estimates, although full-time earnings per worker may have remained unchanged.
As with per capita income, average earnings per job may be subject to extreme short-run variation, especially in smaller counties. Major construction projects relating to building dams, nuclear power plants, and private plant construction projects have caused extreme fluctuations in many smaller counties. Such changes typify both small and large agriculture-dependent counties owing to the extreme annual variations in farm incomes. Also, Since average earnings per job are just a simple average, it does not account for variations in the distribution of earnings among high- vs. low-wage jobs.
Lawrence County Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Current vs. Constant Dollars
Lawrence County Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Current vs. Constant Dollars
Figure 1.
Figure 1 depicts Lawrence County's annual average earnings per job over 1969-2017 in current and constant (2012) dollars. Constant dollar measurements remove the effects of inflation. They allow for comparison of changes in the real purchasing power of Lawrence County over time.
When measured in current dollars, Lawrence County's average earnings per job increased 513.1%, from $6,487 in 1969 to $39,768 in 2017. When measured in constant 2012 dollars to adjust for inflation, it advanced 15.7%, from $32,409 in 1969 to $37,492 in 2017.
Real Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Real Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
Figure 2.
Figure 2 traces Lawrence County's and Ohio's annual real average earnings per job for the period 1969-2017 to illustrate real average earnings per job patterns over time. During this 49-year period, Lawrence County's real average earnings per job rose from $32,409 in 1969 to $37,492 in 2017, for a net gain of $5,082, or 15.7%. In comparison, Ohio's real average earnings per job advanced from $38,223 in 1969 to $52,646 in 2017, for a net advance of $14,423, or 37.7%.
Real Average Earnings Per Job Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Real Average Earnings Per Job Indices (1969=100): 1969-2017
Figure 3.
Figure 3 shows Lawrence County's real average earnings per job growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Ohio, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's real average earnings per job in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the real average earnings per jobs in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in real average earnings per job growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Lawrence County's overall real average earnings per job growth was 15.7% over 1969-2017 trailed Ohio's increase of 37.7%, and fell below the United States' increase of 59.1%.
Average Earnings Per Job as a Percent of the U.S. Average: 1969-2017
Average Earnings Per Job as a Percent of the U.S. Average: 1969-2017
Figure 4.
Figure 4 portrays the trends for average earnings per job relative to the national average by tracing Lawrence County and Ohio average earnings per job as a percent of the national average over 1969-2017.
In 1969, Lawrence County's average earnings per job amounted to 90.1% of the national average; in 2017, it approximated 65.6%. Similarly, in 1969, Ohio's average earnings per job totaled 106.3% of the national average; in 2017, it consisted of 92.1%.
Lawrence County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Lawrence County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2017
Figure 5.
Figure 5 highlights the short-run pattern of Lawrence County's real average earnings per job growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2017. The average annual percent change for the entire 48-year period is also illustrated on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Lawrence County's real average earnings per job grew at an annual rate of 0.34% over 1970-2017. The county posted its highest growth in 2010 (5.12%) and posted its lowest growth in 1980 (-5.88%). In 2017, Lawrence County's real average earnings per job declined by -0.31%
Lawrence County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Lawrence County Real Average Earnings Per Job:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2017
Figure 6.
Over the past four decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again traces the annual percent change in Lawrence County's real average earnings per job since 1970, but this time they are displayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010-2017.
During the 1970s, Lawrence County's annual real average earnings per job growth rate averaged 0.78%. It averaged -1.15% throughout the 1980s, -0.08% in the 1990s, 0.73% throughout the 2000s, and 1.65% thus far this decade (2010 to 2017).
Real Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Real Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Lawrence County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Ohio and the nation. As the chart reveals, Lawrence County's average annual real average earnings per job growth registered above Ohio's average during the 1970s (0.78% vs. 0.70%), posted below Ohio's average throughout the 1980s (-1.15% vs. 0.14%), trailed Ohio's average throughout the 1990s (-0.08% vs. 1.22%), recorded above Ohio's average in the 2000s (0.73% vs. 0.46%), and exceeded Ohio's average over the 8 year period of the last decade, 2010-2017 (1.65% vs. 0.94%).
Finally, relative to nationwide real average earnings per job growth trends, Lawrence County recorded underneath the nation during the 1970s (0.78% vs. 0.89%), fell below the nation in the 1980s (-1.15% vs. 0.70%), fell below the nation during the 1990s (-0.08% vs. 1.68%), outpaced the nation during the 2000s (0.73% vs. 0.72%), and outperformed the nation over 2010-2017 (1.65% vs. 0.92%).
   
 
Real* Average Earnings Per Job Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.34
0.78
-1.15
-0.08
0.73
1.65
-0.31
 
0.68
0.70
0.14
1.22
0.46
0.94
1.26
 
0.98
0.89
0.70
1.68
0.72
0.92
1.41
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Lawrence County:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
6,487
0.200
32,409
100.0
N
84.79
90.14
1970
 
6,767
0.210
32,300
99.7
-0.34
85.05
88.86
1971
 
7,271
0.218
33,292
102.7
3.07
85.93
89.49
1972
 
7,581
0.226
33,565
103.6
0.82
83.69
86.98
1973
 
8,234
0.238
34,593
106.7
3.06
84.74
87.96
1974
 
8,947
0.263
34,046
105.0
-1.58
86.49
89.89
1975
 
9,534
0.285
33,487
103.3
-1.64
86.28
88.75
1976
 
10,532
0.300
35,068
108.2
4.72
87.33
90.97
1977
 
11,421
0.320
35,705
110.2
1.82
87.29
91.79
1978
 
12,183
0.342
35,610
109.9
-0.27
86.52
90.32
1979
 
13,023
0.373
34,961
107.9
-1.82
85.47
89.19
1980
 
13,578
0.413
32,907
101.5
-5.88
84.02
86.53
1981
 
14,563
0.450
32,392
99.9
-1.56
83.58
85.21
1982
 
14,874
0.475
31,344
96.7
-3.24
81.73
82.63
1983
 
15,866
0.495
32,068
98.9
2.31
82.58
83.80
1984
 
16,446
0.513
32,031
98.8
-0.12
79.50
81.44
1985
 
16,720
0.531
31,468
97.1
-1.76
77.56
79.08
1986
 
16,992
0.543
31,298
96.6
-0.54
76.65
76.92
1987
 
18,280
0.560
32,665
100.8
4.37
80.04
79.00
1988
 
18,574
0.582
31,941
98.6
-2.21
77.04
76.04
1989
 
18,829
0.607
31,026
95.7
-2.87
74.92
73.88
1990
 
19,676
0.634
31,057
95.8
0.10
75.19
73.90
1991
 
19,918
0.655
30,421
93.9
-2.05
74.16
72.27
1992
 
21,116
0.672
31,414
96.9
3.26
73.55
71.79
1993
 
21,875
0.689
31,753
98.0
1.08
74.28
72.57
1994
 
22,536
0.703
32,043
98.9
0.92
74.13
72.80
1995
 
22,097
0.718
30,771
94.9
-3.97
71.68
69.80
1996
 
21,754
0.733
29,660
91.5
-3.61
68.63
66.19
1997
 
22,747
0.746
30,482
94.1
2.77
68.89
66.35
1998
 
23,194
0.752
30,836
95.1
1.16
67.24
64.29
1999
 
23,438
0.763
30,703
94.7
-0.43
65.79
61.97
2000
 
23,236
0.782
29,701
91.6
-3.26
63.26
58.12
2001
 
23,369
0.797
29,308
90.4
-1.32
61.47
56.34
2002
 
24,048
0.808
29,766
91.8
1.56
61.41
56.71
2003
 
25,250
0.824
30,659
94.6
3.00
62.34
57.84
2004
 
26,259
0.844
31,109
96.0
1.47
62.50
57.77
2005
 
26,644
0.868
30,692
94.7
-1.34
62.52
57.11
2006
 
27,344
0.892
30,663
94.6
-0.09
62.09
56.44
2007
 
28,265
0.914
30,911
95.4
0.81
62.90
57.23
2008
 
30,157
0.942
32,020
98.8
3.59
65.65
59.96
2009
 
31,011
0.941
32,957
101.7
2.93
67.48
61.97
2010
 
33,158
0.957
34,646
106.9
5.12
69.70
63.54
2011
 
33,998
0.981
34,646
106.9
0.00
68.68
63.40
2012
 
34,846
1.000
34,846
107.5
0.58
68.40
62.98
2013
 
35,657
1.013
35,183
108.6
0.97
68.37
63.54
2014
 
37,413
1.029
36,370
112.2
3.37
70.70
65.20
2015
 
39,242
1.031
38,053
117.4
4.63
72.80
67.22
2016
 
39,200
1.042
37,607
116.0
-1.17
72.33
66.69
2017
 
39,768
1.061
37,492
115.7
-0.31
71.21
65.56
Source: Calculations by the Ohio Regional Economic Analysis Project (OH-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1400_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Ohio:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
7,650
0.200
38,223
100.0
N
106.31
1970
 
7,957
0.210
37,977
99.4
-0.64
104.48
1971
 
8,462
0.218
38,744
101.4
2.02
104.14
1972
 
9,058
0.226
40,106
104.9
3.51
103.94
1973
 
9,717
0.238
40,824
106.8
1.79
103.81
1974
 
10,345
0.263
39,365
103.0
-3.58
103.93
1975
 
11,050
0.285
38,814
101.5
-1.40
102.87
1976
 
12,059
0.300
40,154
105.1
3.45
104.16
1977
 
13,084
0.320
40,906
107.0
1.87
105.16
1978
 
14,080
0.342
41,158
107.7
0.61
104.38
1979
 
15,238
0.373
40,907
107.0
-0.61
104.36
1980
 
16,160
0.413
39,163
102.5
-4.26
102.98
1981
 
17,423
0.450
38,755
101.4
-1.04
101.95
1982
 
18,199
0.475
38,349
100.3
-1.05
101.10
1983
 
19,212
0.495
38,833
101.6
1.26
101.48
1984
 
20,687
0.513
40,292
105.4
3.76
102.44
1985
 
21,558
0.531
40,572
106.1
0.69
101.96
1986
 
22,167
0.543
40,830
106.8
0.64
100.34
1987
 
22,840
0.560
40,812
106.8
-0.05
98.70
1988
 
24,111
0.582
41,462
108.5
1.59
98.71
1989
 
25,132
0.607
41,410
108.3
-0.13
98.60
1990
 
26,170
0.634
41,306
108.1
-0.25
98.29
1991
 
26,859
0.655
41,023
107.3
-0.69
97.45
1992
 
28,710
0.672
42,712
111.7
4.12
97.61
1993
 
29,451
0.689
42,750
111.8
0.09
97.70
1994
 
30,401
0.703
43,227
113.1
1.12
98.21
1995
 
30,828
0.718
42,929
112.3
-0.69
97.38
1996
 
31,697
0.733
43,216
113.1
0.67
96.44
1997
 
33,018
0.746
44,246
115.8
2.38
96.31
1998
 
34,495
0.752
45,861
120.0
3.65
95.61
1999
 
35,627
0.763
46,670
122.1
1.76
94.19
2000
 
36,733
0.782
46,952
122.8
0.60
91.88
2001
 
38,015
0.797
47,675
124.7
1.54
91.65
2002
 
39,161
0.808
48,473
126.8
1.68
92.35
2003
 
40,507
0.824
49,185
128.7
1.47
92.79
2004
 
42,016
0.844
49,776
130.2
1.20
92.43
2005
 
42,614
0.868
49,088
128.4
-1.38
91.35
2006
 
44,037
0.892
49,383
129.2
0.60
90.90
2007
 
44,938
0.914
49,146
128.6
-0.48
90.99
2008
 
45,933
0.942
48,771
127.6
-0.76
91.33
2009
 
45,958
0.941
48,842
127.8
0.15
91.85
2010
 
47,571
0.957
49,705
130.0
1.77
91.15
2011
 
49,499
0.981
50,442
132.0
1.48
92.30
2012
 
50,944
1.000
50,944
133.3
0.99
92.08
2013
 
52,149
1.013
51,457
134.6
1.01
92.93
2014
 
52,921
1.029
51,445
134.6
-0.02
92.23
2015
 
53,906
1.031
52,272
136.8
1.61
92.34
2016
 
54,194
1.042
51,992
136.0
-0.53
92.20
2017
 
55,843
1.061
52,646
137.7
1.26
92.06
Source: Calculations by the Ohio Regional Economic Analysis Project (OH-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1400_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Average Earnings Per Job, 1969-2017
 
1969
 
7,196
0.200
35,953
100.0
N
1970
 
7,615
0.210
36,349
101.1
1.10
1971
 
8,125
0.218
37,202
103.5
2.35
1972
 
8,715
0.226
38,587
107.3
3.72
1973
 
9,360
0.238
39,326
109.4
1.92
1974
 
9,954
0.263
37,877
105.4
-3.69
1975
 
10,742
0.285
37,733
104.9
-0.38
1976
 
11,577
0.300
38,550
107.2
2.17
1977
 
12,442
0.320
38,898
108.2
0.90
1978
 
13,489
0.342
39,429
109.7
1.36
1979
 
14,602
0.373
39,199
109.0
-0.58
1980
 
15,692
0.413
38,030
105.8
-2.98
1981
 
17,091
0.450
38,015
105.7
-0.04
1982
 
18,001
0.475
37,932
105.5
-0.22
1983
 
18,932
0.495
38,267
106.4
0.88
1984
 
20,194
0.513
39,331
109.4
2.78
1985
 
21,143
0.531
39,792
110.7
1.17
1986
 
22,092
0.543
40,692
113.2
2.26
1987
 
23,141
0.560
41,350
115.0
1.62
1988
 
24,425
0.582
42,003
116.8
1.58
1989
 
25,487
0.607
41,996
116.8
-0.02
1990
 
26,625
0.634
42,025
116.9
0.07
1991
 
27,561
0.655
42,095
117.1
0.17
1992
 
29,415
0.672
43,760
121.7
3.96
1993
 
30,143
0.689
43,754
121.7
-0.01
1994
 
30,956
0.703
44,015
122.4
0.60
1995
 
31,658
0.718
44,085
122.6
0.16
1996
 
32,868
0.733
44,813
124.6
1.65
1997
 
34,281
0.746
45,939
127.8
2.51
1998
 
36,079
0.752
47,967
133.4
4.41
1999
 
37,823
0.763
49,547
137.8
3.29
2000
 
39,978
0.782
51,100
142.1
3.13
2001
 
41,477
0.797
52,016
144.7
1.79
2002
 
42,407
0.808
52,491
146.0
0.91
2003
 
43,657
0.824
53,009
147.4
0.99
2004
 
45,458
0.844
53,853
149.8
1.59
2005
 
46,650
0.868
53,737
149.5
-0.22
2006
 
48,444
0.892
54,325
151.1
1.09
2007
 
49,385
0.914
54,009
150.2
-0.58
2008
 
50,294
0.942
53,402
148.5
-1.12
2009
 
50,038
0.941
53,179
147.9
-0.42
2010
 
52,187
0.957
54,529
151.7
2.54
2011
 
53,628
0.981
54,650
152.0
0.22
2012
 
55,324
1.000
55,324
153.9
1.23
2013
 
56,117
1.013
55,371
154.0
0.09
2014
 
57,382
1.029
55,782
155.2
0.74
2015
 
58,377
1.031
56,607
157.4
1.48
2016
 
58,777
1.042
56,389
156.8
-0.38
2017
 
60,660
1.061
57,187
159.1
1.41
Source: Calculations by the Ohio Regional Economic Analysis Project (OH-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2018
REAP_PI_CA1400_1400_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2019. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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